The Science Behind the “Hummingbird” Technology

Fibromyalgia Research & Clinical Studies

Provocation of Hypotension and Pain During Upright Tilt Table Testing in Adults with Fibromyalgia

Provocation of Hypotension and Pain During Upright Tilt Table Testing in Adults with Fibromyalgia

Peer Reviewed & Published By:

Clinical & Experimental Rheumatology

Overview:

Purpose was to examine the presence of neurally medicated hypotension (NMH) in patients with fibromyalgia and worsening and or provocation of widespread pain.

Results:

The study identified a strong association between fibromyalgia and NMH and the possible association of the pathophysiology of pain and other symptoms.

Application:

The study provided one of the founding scientific principles in researching the role of the soleus muscle as critical player in reducing fibromyalgia symptoms.

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Calf Muscle Pump Stimulation as a Means to Reduce Symptoms of Fibromyalgia Syndrome

Calf Muscle Pump Stimulation as a Means to Reduce Symptoms of Fibromyalgia Syndrome

Peer Reviewed & Published By:

Biological Research for Nursing

Overview:

A prototype of the Hummingbird was used for 12 weeks to examine the effectiveness of using activation of the calf via the plantar surface of the foot to reduce fibromyalgia symptoms.

Results:

Effect of 12 weeks of plantar stimulation:  38.78% reduction in Fibromyalgia Impact  Questionnaire Revised (FIQR) scores.

Application:

The study demonstrated the effectiveness of the calf muscle (soleus muscle) activation pathway in improving fibromyalgia patient symptoms and became the genesis of the Vital Motion company.  (Dr. Erik Heister was an independent researcher at the time of the study.)

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Cardiovascular Systemic Regulation by Plantar Surface Stimulation

Cardiovascular Systemic Regulation by Plantar Surface Stimulation

Peer Reviewed & Published By:

Biomedical Instrumentation & Technology

Overview:

Healthy women were exposed to plantar-based vibration to inhibit the cardiovascular responses to orthostatic stress associated with quiet sitting by measuring blood pressure & electrocardiogram results.

Results:

Vibration between 40 and 60 Hz saw an improvement in circulation, specifically arterial pressure and heart rate variability.

Application:

This study helped define the optimal vibration frequency to maximize the Hummingbird’s effectiveness.

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Pedometer study shows 57.7% increase in activity for Fibromyalgia patients using the Hummingbird

Pedometer study shows 57.7% increase in activity for Fibromyalgia patients using the Hummingbird

Overview:

The Hummingbird was tested over 6 weeks on Fibromyalgia patients who completed questionnaires and wore pedometers to monitor and compare activity levels.

Results:

Patients consistently reported a decrease in Fibro symptoms via questionnaires, and  activity levels increased by 57.7% accross all Fibromyalgia patients completing the study.

Application:

The patient report outcomes and pedometer readings validated the effectiveness of plantar stimulation as a means of improving the quality of life of fibromyalgia patients.  In addition, confirmed the final design of the Hummingbird medical device.

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Prevalence and Etiology of Delayed Orthostatic Hypotension in Adult Women

Prevalence and Etiology of Delayed Orthostatic Hypotension in Adult Women

Peer Reviewed & Published By:

American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine

Overview:

Women with an average age of 51.8 were evaluated to examine the role of calf muscle pump (CMP) activation via plantar stimulation and orthostatic hypotension (OH).

Results:

25% of women showed delayed OH during quiet sitting; cause neuromuscular in origin, specifically inadequate calf tone (soleus muscles) and CMP reverses hypotension.

Application:

Provided additional confirmation that stimulation via plantar surface of the foot activates of the soleus muscles reverses hypotension. Hypotension is associated with negative effects in fibromyalgia patients and other chronic conditions.

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Effect of Plantar Micromechanical Stimulation on Cardiovascular Responses to Immobility

Effect of Plantar Micromechanical Stimulation on Cardiovascular Responses to Immobility

Peer Reviewed & Published By:

American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation

Overview:

Examined whether cardiovascular responses of adult women could be reversed by plantar stimulation.

Results:

Over 50% of women tested exhibited significant tachycardia with decline in systolic blood pressure; plantar stimulation was able to completely reverse the effect.

Application:

Immobility of sitting has a profound effect on cardiovascular system; simple external stimulation is capable of preventing these cardiovascular responses.  Postural orthostatic tachycardia (POTS) is a symptom of Fibromyalgia, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and other chronic conditions.

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Relationship Between Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Neurally Mediated Hypotension

Relationship Between Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Neurally Mediated Hypotension

Peer Reviewed & Published By:

Cardiology in Review

Overview:

Studies have reported a link between Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (now referred to as Myalgic Encephalomyelitis; ME/CFS) and neurally mediated hypotension (NMH).

Results:

Studies suggest extensive overlapping of symptoms between ME/CFS and NMH and exacerbating symptoms such as weakness, lightheadedness and tachycharia.

Application:

With no known cure, symptom relief is the current standard of care. The evidence of neurally mediated hypotension suggests that the Hummingbird could provide benefit in the care and treatment of patients with ME/CFS.

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Association of Calf Muscle Pump Stimulation With Sleep Quality in Adults

Association of Calf Muscle Pump Stimulation With Sleep Quality in Adults

Peer Reviewed & Published By:

Research in Nursing & Health

Overview:

Sleep quality was examined utilizing calf muscle activation via the plantar stimulation instead of physical activity and compression stockings which have low adherence.

Results:

The study conducted over a 4 week period demonstrated that prevention of lower extremity fluid pooling (LEFP) improved sleep quality and a reduction in disturbance from poor sleep.

Application:

Sleep issues and fatigue are primary symptoms of fibromyalgia and many other chronic health conditions.  Used as a non-pharmacologic, non-invasive-intervention, activating the calf muscles (via the Hummingbird technology) can improve sleep quality.

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Influence of Seated Rocking for Blood Pressure in the Elderly: A Pilot Clinical Study

Influence of Seated Rocking for Blood Pressure in the Elderly: A Pilot Clinical Study

Peer Reviewed & Published By:

Biological Research for Nursing

Overview:

Patients with Alzheimer’s disease were studied to examine the correlation between rocking, blood pressure and symptom improvement.

Results:

Rocking with plantar flexion uses the calf muscles increased their blood pressure and, therefore cerebral perfusion and demonstrated significant symptom improvement.

Application:

Stimulation of the calf via the plantar showed improvement in depression, anxiety, and balance and a decrease in pain medication usage.  Studies utilizing the Hummingbird in nursing homes with elderly patients including those with Alzheimer’s as an intervention are warranted.

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Reversal of Lower Limb Edema by Calf Muscle Pump Stimulation

Reversal of Lower Limb Edema by Calf Muscle Pump Stimulation

Peer Reviewed & Published By:

Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation & Prevention

Overview:

Diuretics and/or limb elevation is commonly prescribed to treat Peripheral edema (PE); the purpose of the study was to assess the ability of calf muscle pump stimulation (CMP) via plantar surface of foot to reverse PE.

Results:

Leg volume decreased during quiet sitting in 56% of the study group; CMP stimulation reversed 44% of the group with lower leg fluid pooling and was able to accelerate fluid removal in group which do not outwardly show pooling.

Application:

PE is commonly associated with heart issues, kidney issue, renal failure and other disorders; plantar stimulation can provide a means to treat PE in individuals with edema related conditions.

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Plantar Vibration Improves Leg Fluid Flow in Perimenopausal Women

Plantar Vibration Improves Leg Fluid Flow in Perimenopausal Women

Peer Reviewed & Published By:

American Journal of Physiology

Overview:

Recent studies have indicated that plantar-based vibration may be an effective approach for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis.

Results:

The results suggest that plantar vibration serves enhance blood flow, lymphatic flow and venous drainage which account for such stimuli influencing bone mass.

Application:

Plantar vibration increases leg fluid flow.  By isolating the stimulation to these nerve endings, the soleus muscles in the calves are signaled to contract, improving return of pooled venous blood and interstitial fluid to the central circulatory system.

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Hear about The Hummingbird from Fellow Sufferers

“I would have paid double for my Hummingbird, that’s how well it works. I can walk much faster and stand much longer. My hips are substantially less painful and my strides longer. My legs don’t hurt in the morning. I love this machine and recommend it to anyone with fibromyalgia.”
Mariaeva
“I was diagnosed with FM 10 years ago and I suffer from terrible back, hip and leg pain. After using the Hummingbird for a few weeks I noticed less pain and I was sleeping for longer stretches at a time. I’m amazed how much this machine has improved my quality of life!!”
Marybeth
Vital Motion - Hummingbird

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