Calf muscle pump stimulation may provide an additional treatment option for individuals with fibromyalgia who are unable to perform traditional forms of exercise….
Rocking with plantar flexion can increase blood pressure and, therefore, may enhance cerebral perfusion….
Lower-extremity edema may primarily be due to inadequate calf muscle tone; calf muscle pump stimulation can be sufficient to halt and reverse fluid pooling….
Calf muscle pump stimulation may reverse the delayed orthostatic hypotension observed in women during quiet sitting and caused by inadequate calf muscle tone. …
Noninvasive, low-level, plantar-based vibration in the range of 30-60 Hz can significantly inhibit the effects of the orthostatic stress of quiet sitting on the cardiovascular system….
Plantar vibration may significantly enhance peripheral and systemic blood flow, peripheral lymphatic flow, and venous drainage.
Simple micromechanical external stimulation of the plantar surface may be capable of preventing certain cardiovascular stress-based responses to immobility….
Chronic fatigue syndrome is associated with neurally mediated hypotension and its symptoms may be improved by therapy directed at this abnormal cardiovascular reflex….
Among those with fibromyalgia, 100% who tolerated upright tilt for more than 10 minutes reported worsening or provocation of fibromyalgia pain; controls were asymptomatic….